An information literacy training tool for higher degree researchers. The framework highlights resources available from libraries and other areas of higher education institutions. AIRS learning content is freely available from a public facing website, which can be accessed by anyone at any time. It is an open educational resource that is Creative Commons licensed (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) so it can be freely used and adapted for training purposes.


Research collaborations could occur within your institution, nationally, internationally or with external partners such as government and industry.

collaborative capacity

The use of distributed leadership and faces of the informed researcher to activate the collaborative process.

Distributed leadership

A form of leadership that overcomes power imbalances, empowering deeper engagement, and acknowledge of contribution.


A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique string of letters and numbers used to identify to a specific research output and to provide a persistent link to it online.


The Australian Research Council defines research engagement as “the interaction between researchers and research end-users outside of academia, for the mutually beneficial transfer of knowledge, technologies, methods or resources”. (Reference: Australian Research Council. (n.d.). Engagement and impact assessment 2018-19 )

Graduate Research Engagement Assessment Tool (GREAT)

An early intervention communication tool to assist supervisors and higher degree researchers identify, assess, and problem-solve potential risks.

higher degree researchers (HDRs)

A term used to reference students enrolled in masters and doctorates by research, reflecting their status as researchers in development.


The Australian Research Council defines research impact as “the contribution that research makes to the economy, society, environment or culture, beyond the contribution to academic research”.

Australian Research Council. (n.d.). Engagement and impact assessment 2018-19


ORCID stands for Open Researcher and Contributor Identification and is an example of a persistent identifier. An ORCID number looks like 0000-0002-2771-9344 or is sometimes expressed as


Papua New Guinea University of Technology


A researcher’s productivity is often measured by the number of quality published research outputs over a set timeframe.


Research output quality is often determined by the number of citations an article, book or book chapter attracts over a set timeframe.

research integrity

relates to the principles and standards that promote honesty, transparency, and reliability throughout the research process.

seven faces of informed researcher

Seven perspectives that can be applied to enable effective information sharing and sustainable collaboration between stakeholders from different disciplines and sectors.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Confident Supervisors: Creating Independent Researchers Copyright © 2023 by James Cook University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.