This chapter accentuates the importance of choosing the right study design. Selecting an appropriate research design is crucial for the success of any research project. Just like making choices in everyday life, researchers are faced with the challenge of selecting the best research design from a range of options available. Factors such as high funding costs, time constraints, and ethical considerations can influence the choice of research design.
For example, just like Paul had to settle for his second-best accommodation option due to budget constraints, researchers may have to choose a research design that is within their financial means. For instance, if the research question is focused on causal relationships, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) may be the most appropriate design. However, an RCT can be resource-intensive, and the cost may not be feasible. In such cases, researchers may need to consider other designs, such as quasi-experimental designs or observational studies. In some cases, mixed methods design may be the most suitable option, just as Stephanie could enjoy both Sukiyaki and Tonkatsu dishes.
When selecting a research design, researchers must also consider ethical principles to ensure that their study is conducted in an ethical manner. This includes ensuring that informed consent is obtained from study participants, protecting the privacy and confidentiality of participants, and minimizing any potential harm or risks to participants.
In summary, choosing the right research study design requires careful consideration of various factors, including funding, time, and ethical principles. By carefully evaluating the options available and selecting the most appropriate design, researchers can increase the chances of conducting a successful study.